I have commanded, called, and commissioned thee to do it, and will be sure to bear thee out in it. 1832. “As for me and my household, we will serve the LORD” appears in all sorts of formats from quilts and doilies to plaques in kitchens and all other sorts of Christian kitsch. He will as surely support his Church on earth, as he will support the earth itself; and while the sun and moon endure, the Church shall flourish: this is for his own honor, and he certainly is more concerned for his own glory in the administration of justice, judgment, and salvation in the earth, than any of the children of men can possibly be. For instance, we’ll see God delivering the enemies of Israel into their hands. "From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of … They put their tents by … But the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. This promise was most punctually literally fulfilled. Commanded the officers - שטרים shoterim . It shal… The text therefore is supposed to mean, Prepare victuals for three days' march, for "on the third day after your decampment from Shittim ye shall pass over this Jordan.". Joshua is assured of victory over all his enemies, and is exhorted to courage and activity, 5,6; and to be careful to act, in all things, according to the law of Moses, in which he us to meditate day and night, 7,8. - Sept. Be strong therefore, and play the man to the uttermost. Though there was a copy of the law laid up in the sanctuary, yet this was not sufficient. Get going. 2-13, Joshua rehearses Yahweh’s first-person history with the ancestors, the Exodus from Egypt, the wilderness wandering and the gift of the land. The popularity of the … Continue reading "Commentary on Joshua 24:1-15" Calmet conjectures that the shoterim here may have been the heralds of the army like those so often met with in Homer, who were called the messengers both of the gods and men; who bore sceptres, and whose persons were ever held sacred. Great sea: The Mediterranean, called great in respect of the lakes in the land of Judea, such as the sea of Gennesareth, or the sea of Tiberias, and the Dead Sea, which were comparatively small lakes; but the Hebrews gave the name of sea, ים yam, to every large collection of waters. The removal of useful men should quicken survivors to be the more diligent in doing good. The time referred to here must have been at the conclusion of the thirty days in which they mourned for Moses. For within three days ye shall pass - Calmet contends, with great appearance of truth, that these three days should be reckoned from the first day of their encamping at Jordan, three days after the return of the spies, i.e., on the eighth day of the first month, on the tenth of which they passed over Jordan. The book begins with the history, not of Joshua's life (many remarkable passages of that we had before in the books of Moses) but of his reign and government. Jordan's visible stream arises from this cavern, (Panium), and divides the marshes and fens of the lake Semechon; and when it has run another hundred and twenty furlongs, it first passes by the city Julias, and then passes through the middle of the lake Gennesareth, after which, running a long way over the desert, it empties itself into the lake Asphaltites." Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. It has its name Phiala, (a bowl or basin), very justly, from the roundness of its circumference, being round like a wheel. When God, by his providence, has given us rest, we ought to consider what service we may do to our brethren. 1 After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 “Moses my servant is dead. Though God had so implicitly promised them his help, yet he strongly insists on their own co-operation. From all this we may learn, that when God has a great work to accomplish, he will provide himself suitable instruments; and though one which he has greatly honored, appear to fail, we should know that he is not confined to work by that one alone. 7. And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark. Your wives, your little ones - And with these it appears, from Numbers 32:17, were left behind 70,580 effective men to guard them and their property; only 40,000 having passed over Jordan to assist the nine tribes and half to conquer the land. He is again exhorted to courage, with the promise of continued support, Joshua 1:9. This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth - The law which had already been written by Moses, and from which he and the people were to take all those precepts by which their lives were to be governed. Cross this Jordan River, you and all the people. Joshua Chapter 1 Summary. The shoterim have been supposed to be subordinate officers, whose business it was to see the decisions of the shophetim carried into effect. An order like this could not have been a mere mockery, an order which Joshua was unable to obey. Joshua was trained up under command. God Commissions Joshua. 1 After the death of Moses the a servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ b assistant, 2 “Moses my servant is dead. (1-4) God promises to assist Joshua. Only the Lord thy God be with thee - Provided God be with thee, as he was with Moses, we will implicitly obey thee. Joshua is assured of victory over all his enemies, and is exhorted to courage and activity, Joshua 1:5, Joshua 1:6; and to be careful to act, in all things, according to the law of Moses, in which he us to meditate day and night, Joshua 1:7, Joshua 1:8. Now after the death of Moses - ויהי vayehi, and it was or happened after the death of Moses. Our Lord Jesus took upon him the form of a servant. Go over this Jordan - The account given by Josephus of this river may not be unacceptable here. Our Lord Jesus, as Joshua here, was borne up under his sufferings by a regard to the will of God, and the commandment from his Father. It is likely that Joshua heard God speak in the still small voice that Elijah heard (1 Kings 19:12). He has way every where, and all things serve the purposes of his will. Those who are obedient to God lack no manner of thing that is good. Joshua Directed and Encouraged. (16-18). Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Is it not strange that at the death of Moses utter despair had not overwhelmed the whole camp, as he whom they expected to give them rest had died before any conquest was made in Canaan? "Commentary on Joshua 1:4". They promise the strictest obedience, and pray for the prosperity of their leader, Joshua 1:16-18. It signifies God's prime minister, the person by whom he issued his orders, and by whom he accomplished all his purposes and designs. Text 2. Moses is gone now, and God tells Joshua that He has given the land of Canaan to the children of Israel, they only have to go take it with courage and strength. 4 From the wilderness and this Lebanon, even as far as the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and as far as t… Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River ( C ) into the land ( D ) I am about to give to them ( E ) —to the Israelites. The book of Joshua takes place just after the death of Moses, Israel’s longtime leader. The sole of your foot shalt tread upon - That is, the whole land occupied by the seven Canaanitish nations, and as far as the Euphrates on the east; for this was certainly the utmost of the grant now made to them; and all that was included in what is termed the promised land, the boundaries of which have already been defined. This is enough for any man seeking to do God's will. It begins with God commissioning Moses’ successor, Joshua, to lead the Israelites across the Jordan River to take possession of the land that had long ago been promised to their forefather Abraham (Josh 1:1–5; compare Gen 17:8). "Panium is thought to be the mountain of Jordan, but in reality it is carried thither in an occult manner from the place called Phiala. Only be thou strong, and very courageous - Ισχυε ουν, και ανδριζου σφοδρα . Armed - חמשים chamushim, by fives; in several lines, five in front, probably the usual method of marching; but it seems to signify arrayed, equipped, accoutred, well-armed, and ready for battle. Forsake thee — I will not leave thee destitute, either of inward support, or of outward assistance. Joshua 1:8 Commentary. Moses being dead, God commissions Joshua to bring the people into the promised land, Joshua 1:1, Joshua 1:2. And Joshua himself, for attempting to encourage them against their fears, was near being stoned to death. Joshua 24 is a famous text, mostly for verse 15, which is the climactic verse in the lectionary selection. Though God had promised him that no man should be able to stand before him, yet it was on condition that he should use all his military skill, and avail himself to the uttermost of all the means, natural and providential, which God should place within his reach. This list of commentaries is intended to help the reader understand and apply the author’s message in the book of Joshua. Joshua had attended upon Moses. We honour the truth of God, when we stagger not at the promise of God. Verses 1-4 Joshua had attended upon Moses. He who was called to honour, had been long used to business. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". Biblical Meditation 2.2. Cross to the country I’m giving to the People of Israel. What It Meant For Joshua 3.2. How the Lord spoke is uncertain. 1. 1 After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: 2 “Moses my servant is dead. Joshua 1:9. See the note on Numbers 34:12. Joshua was appointed and declared Moses’s successor in the government before this time; and here he receives confirmation from God therein. It was necessary, therefore, that they should give him the most positive assurance that they would not act as their fathers had done. All that thou commandest us we will do - Here they acknowledge the Divine mission of Joshua, as they had done that of Moses, and consequently promise to follow his directions in all things. Joshua Joshua 1, Commentary, Analysis, KJV, Bible. This you shall do six days. chap. Into the book of Joshua we go. Sermon Bible Commentary. Joshua 1 Resources. In vv. (1) Moses is dead, and God speaks to Joshua. The two tribes and a half were to go over Jordan with their brethren. And we see him doing this throughout the book of Joshua. He is to encourage himself with the promise and presence of God. The Israelites did not possess the full extent of this grant till the days of David. See 2 Samuel 8:3, etc., and 2 Chronicles 9:26. Even the first words in this book show it to be a continuation of the preceding, and intimately connected with the narrative in the last chapter in Deuteronomy, of which I suppose Joshua to have been the author, and that chapter to have originally made the commencement of this book, Deuteronomy 34:1-12; (note). He is again exhorted to courage, with the promise of continued support, 9. It is always full, without ever sinking or running over. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 1:5-9 Joshua is to make the law of God his rule. And the LORD said to Joshua: “See! (b.c. Joshua must himself be under command; no man's dignity or dominion sets him above the law of God. Joshua says to the people, Ye shall pass over Jordan, and shall possess the land; because God had said so to him. Joshua 5:13 - And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, [Art] thou for us, or for our adversaries? Law 2.3. Toward the sun-rising - This is the East, as toward the going down of the sun signifies the West. 1. © 2020 Christianity.com. C4C Translation 2.1. ADAM CLARKE Commentary on Joshua. - War, book iii. 1451.) Commentary on Joshua 1:10-15 (Read Joshua 1:10-15) Joshua says to the people, Ye shall pass over Jordan, and shall possess the land; because God had said so to him. The statement, "The Lord spake unto Joshua," or something to the same effect, occurs three times in the narrative of the crossing (3:7; 4:1, 15). I was with Moses — To assist him against all his enemies, and in all the difficulties of governing this stiff-necked people, which Joshua might justly fear no less than the Canaanites. In this chapter, I. 1. Joshua's Installation as Head of the Nation Joshua 1:1-5 The Book of Joshua opens with his elevation to leadership after the death of Moses. See Joshua 4:13. Memorization Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. I will be with you: Victory is assured not because Joshua is a great leader, or because Israel is a great nation, but because God is a great God, and He says to Joshua, I will be with you. Joshua 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Putting it into practice, however can be rather difficult — requiring much strength and courage (Jos 1:6). Now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land that I am giving to them, to the people of Israel. He is charged to meditate therein day and night, that he might understand it. Updated: Tue, 01/17/2017 - 20:17 By admin. ; for the word signifies prey, or what is taken by hunting, etc. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/joshua-1.html. The Reubenites, Gadites, and half tribe of Manasseh, are put in mind of their engagement to pass over with their brethren, Joshua 1:12-15. Notwithstanding the great honor God put on his servants Moses, Aaron, Phinehas, and Joshua, yet we find him using every means to induce the people to trust in himself alone. Hence he is ever showing them that even those great men had nothing but what they had received, and that they were as fully dependent upon himself as the meanest of the people. All his orders to the people, and his judgments, must be according to the law of God. The Lord appoints Joshua to succeed Moses. Now Jericho was securely shut up because of the children of Israel; none went out, and none came in. See Deuteronomy 34:1-4, and see Joshua 1:4; (note) below. In this chapter we have an account of the renewal of Israel's victories. (See Numbers 14:4;). To this the people agreed, and it was essentially necessary in order that proper discipline should be kept up in this great army. Arise, go over Jordan. Joshua was appointed and declared Moses's successor in the government before this time; and here he receives confirmation from God therein. Moses my servant - The word, servant, as applied both to Moses and Joshua, is to be understood in a very peculiar sense. Verse 1 – Moses and Joshua were extremely blessed in that God spoke with them directly. Joshua 1:1-10 New International Version (NIV) Joshua Installed as Leader. This Old Testament lesson has been excerpted from the second farewell speech of Joshua (see Joshua 23 for the first farewell speech). The Lord encourageth Joshua, and the holy army conquereth Ai: the king of Ai is taken and hanged: Joshua erects an altar to the Lord: writes the law on stones; causeth the repeatal of the blessings, and cursings, and of the law to be read in the ears of the people. This place lies on the road to Trachonitis, and is one hundred and twenty furlongs from Caesarea, not far out of the road, on the right hand. The utmost of their limits should be from the desert of Arabia Petraea on the South to Lebanon on the North: and from the Euphrates on the East to the Mediterranean Sea on the West. As such, they were leader-prophets. With “prosperity” and “success” properly understood, in the eyes of the LORD, the answer is rather simple. (5-9) Preparation to pass over Jordan. He requires the use of every power and talent he has given; even Joshua himself must be strong and very courageous, and the people must obey him in all things, in order that they may go over the Jordan to possess the good land; and without this they had never got into the promised rest. God appoints him to the government in the stead of Moses, gives him an ample commission, full instructions, and great encouragements, Joshua 1:1-9. From the wilderness and this Lebanon - Joshua appears to be standing with his face towards the promised land, and pointing out the different places, or their situation, with his hand, This Lebanon, etc. The two tribes and a … God will not have them who refuse to help themselves. He is charged to meditate therein day and night, that he might understand it. 1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the Lord it came to pass, that the Lord spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying, 2 Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel. Joshua commands the officers to prepare the people for their passage over Jordan, Joshua 1:10, Joshua 1:11. Land of the Hittites - These are generally reputed to have been the most hardy and warlike of all the Canaanitish nations; and as they occupied the mountainous countries on the south of the land of Canaan, it is natural to suppose that they would be the most difficult to subdue, and on this account, it is supposed, God particularly specifies these: "Ye shall subdue and possess even all the land of the Hittites," but it is probable that under this one term all the other nations are included, as it is certain they are in other places under the term Amorites. Joshua is about bravery, rooted in faith in Yahweh. All Rights Reserved. The extent of the land to be possessed, Joshua 1:3, Joshua 1:4. Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary. We find, however, that they are not discouraged; he who gave them Moses, has now given them Joshua in his place; and they had now fully learned that if God be for them, none could be successfully against them. We honour the truth of God, when we stagger not at the promise of God. These were different from the שפטים shophetim, who were judges among the people, and whose business it was to determine in all civil cases. At this place and at this time the banks were overflowed. Joshua Images and Notes. The people of Israel engage to obey Joshua; All that thou commandest us to do we will readily do, without murmuring or disputing, and whithersoever thou sendest us we will go. The Book of Joshua Commentary by ROBERT JAMIESON CHAPTER 1 (See "Introduction to the Pentateuch and Historical Books") Jos 1:1-18.THE LORD APPOINTS JOSHUA TO SUCCEED MOSES. No person ever bore this title in the like sense but the Redeemer of mankind, of whom Moses and Joshua were types. 1-9 After the death of Moses the servant of God, God spoke to Joshua, Moses’ assistant: “Moses my servant is dead. Be able to stand before thee - Because God shall be with thee, therefore thou shalt be irresistible. 3 Every place on which the sole of your foot treads, I have given it to you, just as I spoke to Moses. It was only their unfaithfulness to God that rendered the conquest in any case difficult. x., sect. 1. Commentary 3.1. What was even Moses without his God? He who was called to honour, had been long used to business. (10-15) The people promise to obey Joshua. Benson Commentary Joshua 1:1. Joshua had no bridge or boats, and yet he must believe that God, having ordered the people over, would open a way. Joshua 1:1-18.THE LORD APPOINTS JOSHUA TO SUCCEED MOSES. There are exegetical commentaries, scholarly and technical commentaries, as well as commentaries that are easy to understand. Let’s turn to the first chapter in the book of Joshua. When we are in the way of duty, we have reason to be strong and very bold. Joshua has just seen how fervently the people admired and loved their deliverer from Egypt. 3 I will give you every place where you set your foot, ( F ) as I promised Moses. Our Lord Jesus took upon him the form of a servant. See on Deuteronomy 1:13-16; (note). Be “Prosperous” and “Successful” 3. We discovered last week that a big theme in the book of Joshua is that God keep his promises. After the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, it came to pass that the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ assistant, saying: The book and chapter 1 of Joshua begins with God guiding and preparing Joshua for the work he must do for the children of Israel. By insubordination their fathers had suffered much in the wilderness; they rejected the authority of Moses, mutinied and made themselves a leader to conduct them back to Egypt. May we be enabled to enlist under the banner of the Captain of our salvation, to be obedient to his commands, and to fight the good fight of faith, with all that trust in and love his name, against all who oppose his authority; for whoever refuses to obey him must be destroyed. What is the key to living a prosperous and successful life? 1 Now it came about after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD that the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ servant, saying, 2 “Moses My servant is dead; now therefore arise, cross this Jordan, you and all this people, to the land which I am giving to them, to the sons of Israel. The best Joshua commentaries are listed below. Remember the word - He puts the Reubenites, etc., in remembrance of the engagements they had made with Moses (See Numbers 32:20;) when he granted them their portion on the east side of Jordan. It was a privilege for them that they could hear directly from the Lord. While it was a blessing, it was also a responsibility. What It Means For Us 4. Joshua 1:8 "This book of the law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it; for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have success. Let not the sense of thine own infirmities dishearten thee; God is all-sufficient. The “Top 10” list is based on aggregate reviews.. You shall march around the city, all you men of war; you shall go all around the city once. Therefore, and see Joshua 23 for the word signifies prey, or what is the key to living prosperous... Thing that is good the more diligent in doing good let ’ s leader... This title in the lectionary selection is taken by hunting, etc ought to consider what we... By … Matthew Henry 's Concise Commentary 1:5-9 Joshua is to make the law of.! Intended to help the reader understand and apply the author ’ s message in the book of takes! 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